What are bump stops and why should they matter? If you care about the quality of your ride, you will want to know about this suspension component, which is just as important as shocks and struts.
In this article, we will answer - what are bump stops used for, and show you how to install some on your vehicle.
Page Contents (Click Icon To Open/Close)
What Are Bump Stops?
The bump stop limits suspension travel, and it prevents other components from making contact with damaging items.
When used with shocks, the bump stop prevents travel before bottoming out, preventing wear to the shock. The bump stop can also be placed on the frame located above the axle to keep the metal of the frame from hitting other metal components.
Think of the bump stop as a shock absorber or cushion. Some bump stops are made with rubber, while others use a urethane construction. Either one is air-infused to produce plenty of support.
Why Are Bump Stops Important? (Are They Needed?)
What are bump stops for? With the right bump stops in place, the ride quality is improved. There will be less bottoming out, which ensures that vital automotive parts don’t become damaged.
Additionally, if you spend a lot of time off-road, you will want to protect your car’s suspension. With the uneven and rough terrain, the bump stops add more security. That’s why many users aim to figure out - what are bump stops on a Jeep?
As a rock crawler, you want less jarring, which is precisely what a bump stop achieves. The bump stops also ensure you have better control over your vehicle, instead of letting the suspension bounce and sway dictate where you are driving.
Types of Bump Stops: Hydraulic Vs. Rubber Explained
Rubber & Urethane Bump Stops
The first bump stops were made from rubber but are still widely sold today. These are the most affordable option but are less durable than other materials.
Urethane bump stops are more durable and lighter. Plus, they are flexible even when temperatures are low and compress well.
Nitrogen Bump Stops
These are often referred to as hydraulic bump stops or air bumps. They look like smaller shock absorbers, but one end is left free-floating. You can find a variety of sizes and strokes.
These oil-filled bump stops are charged with nitrogen and come with an adjustable shim pack. This is the type you will find when searching - what are bump stops for Jeep JK models?
Signs Of A Faulty Bump Stops: When to Replace
Because the bump stops regularly suffer from high impacts and are exposed to many materials, they will deteriorate over time. At the first sign of wear, you want to replace the bump stop for safety reasons.
Most often, the bump stops produce noise and vibration when wearing out. This condition is caused by the metal components of your suspension bumping together. It might also lead to changes in the ride, such as suspension sag, body roll, and swaying trailers.
You can also inspect the bump stops regularly to look for signs of wear. You might consider adding a visual inspection to your regular tune-up.
Guide On How to Replace/Install Bump Stops
What are bump stops for Jeep, and how do you install them? Start by gathering your supplies.
Instructions to Install Bump Stop
- 1Protect yourself with safety goggles and gloves.
- 2Using your lug nut wrench, loosen the nuts on your tires.
- 3Place the floor jack below the vehicle and safely lift the vehicle.
- 4Remove the tire from the axle.
- 5Locate the existing bump stop found in the coil spring
- 6Place the coil compressors over each side of the spring. Tighten it using your socket until you can remove the spring.
- 7Use the pliers to pull the existing bump stop out and replace it with your new one. Tap it into the mount with your hammer.
- 8Replace the coil spring and loosen it.
- 9Replace your tire and tighten the lug nuts.
- 10Repeat this procedure for your other tires.
- 11Lower the vehicle carefully.
Here’s a helpful video showing how to install bump stops on a Toyota Tacoma.
People Also Ask (FAQs)
Do bump stops affect ride quality?
The bump stop acts as a guide for the spring. With a high-quality bump stop in place, you experience a smoother, more controlled ride.
Does cutting bump stops lower car?
While the bump stop doesn’t change your height because it doesn’t support any weight, cutting it will create a harsher ride.
Can you drive without bump stops?
For many people, the bump stops are never touched; they are simply for precautionary reasons. Unless you are driving off-road or you are a stunt-driver wannabe, you could drive without bump stops and probably never notice a difference.
How much does it cost to replace a bump stop?
Bump stop kits cost between $25 to $500, depending on your vehicle and the quality. If you perform the installation yourself, you won’t need to pay a mechanic.
Are bump stops universal?
You can find many universal bump stops that will work on a variety of vehicle types.
Are jounce bumpers and bump stoppers the same thing?
The jounce bumper is a form of bump stopper, except it comes with three-stage compression that simulates variable rate mechanical springs.
What are rear bump stops? These vital suspension parts improve the ride quality, especially when heading off-road or across uneven terrain. With our guide, you know when to replace the bump stops and how to install this valuable component.