The car alternator isn’t something that is regularly thought about, despite having a significant impact on the health of your automotive batteries.
To perform regular battery care, you must also understand how to test an alternator. Our guide outlines the steps you need to know.
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What is an Alternator & How Does it Work?
The car alternator acts like a generator and is located near the front of the engine. It is powered by a serpentine belt, but what do alternators do? It distributes electricity to the vehicle while also recharges the battery.
All vehicles with an internal combustion engine have this part, except for a few hybrid models. To produce this electricity, the alternator must rotate to create mechanical energy, but this all starts with the engine itself.
How Do I Know If My Cars Alternator Is Failing?
There are a lot of mechanical issues that can cause a car to stall, but a defective alternator shouldn’t be overlooked. If the car has trouble starting at all, it might be that the alternator didn’t charge the battery enough. However, a defective alternator can also lead to stalling issues if there isn’t enough power to operate the spark plugs.
Battery warning light shows on the dashboard
Flickering/dimmed headlights or interior lights
The alternator is responsible for supplying all of the electrical needs to the car. As power is lost, accessories, such as the lighting, will lose supply. This can cause the lights on the exterior or the interior of the car to flicker or dim.
A dead battery
A car that doesn’t start indicates trouble with the charging system. Often, you will hear a clicking sound or ticking, but nothing else happens. This problem occurs when the alternator stops charging the battery, but it could also mean that the battery is simply dead.
Strange noises coming from the alternator
Listen closely to the sounds the alternator is making. If you hear a whining or growling noise, it could be that the alternator is about to go out.
A strange or burning smell
Any time there is a strange smell coming from your car, it should alarm you. What’s even scarier is the electrical burning smell that occurs when an alternator goes bad. However, some people also claim it can smell like burning rubber.
Slow or failing electrical accessories
As with your lighting system, every accessory is also run by power. If you start to notice trouble with your power windows, power sunroof, radio, or other electrical accessories, it might be an alternator issue.
7 Easy Ways to Test Your Alternator at Home
You can learn how to test a car alternator with a variety of tools. We will show you how to test if the alternator is bad using items you probably have on-hand.
Test using a standard multimeter
Follow these steps if you want to know how to test an alternator with a multimeter.
- 1Put your multimeter to the 20V setting.
- 2Start your engine.
- 3Place the positive probe to the red terminal connector coming from the alternator.
- 4Place the negative probe to a metal part of the vehicle, such as the car frame.
- 5This should provide a reading between 13.8-14.2 volts.
Test by disconnecting the battery
You can also learn how to test an alternator by disconnecting the battery.
- 1Park in a stable position and open the hood.
- 2Get in the driver’s seat.
- 3Start the engine and get out of the seat.
- 4Disconnect the battery.
- 5If the car continues to run normally, the alternator is doing its job.
Test your alternator using a screwdriver (without multimeter or voltmeter)
Want to know how to test an alternator with a screwdriver? This is an excellent method if you want to learn how to test an alternator without a multimeter.
- 1Turn the key in the ignition until it is ON, but don’t start the engine.
- 2Place the screwdriver’s metal tip near the alternator nut on the pulley.
- 3If you observe magnetism and the screwdriver moves closer to the alternator, it is still working properly.
Test with a voltmeter
You can learn how to test an alternator with a voltmeter, which is similar to the steps with the multimeter above.
- 1Set the voltmeter to DC mode at 20 volts.
- 2Check the voltage of the battery, which should be 12.6 volts.
- 3Have a helper start the car and maintain 1500 RPMs.
- 4Test the battery again. There should be an increase of 0.5 to 2.0 volts.
Use a test light to check your alternator
Want to know how to test an alternator with a test light? Unfortunately, this isn’t the most accurate test available because the test light only indicates that there is power without telling you how much.
Test with the engine turned off
You can’t really rely on how to test the alternator with the engine off. You can use a multimeter or voltmeter to determine if the battery is fully charged, which indicates that the battery is working, but this doesn’t tell you for sure that there isn’t a malfunction.
Testing the various alternator parts
How to test voltage regulator
Learn how to test an alternator voltage regulator with these steps.
- 1Set the parking brake and ensure the car is set to Park for automatic and Neutral for manual.
- 2Put your multimeter on DC Voltage with 20 Volts
- 3Connect the red lead to the battery positive post and the black to the negative.
- 4The battery should read a minimum of 12.4 volts.
- 5Have a helper run the engine at 1500 RPM.
- 6The voltage should rise slightly.
How to test Alternator Amp Output
Follow these steps to check the alternator amp output.
- 1Turn on the car engine.
- 2Use an amp meter to check the amps coming from the wire on the back of the alternator.
How to test alternator diode
Unless you are specifically trained to work on alternators, you wouldn’t know how to test the alternator diode as this part is located inside the alternator.
People Also Ask (FAQs)
What can damage an alternator?
Why would you need to know how to test your alternator? Any time you think it might have gone bad. Old age, driving through water, and bad wiring can all cause the alternator to fail.
What does a bad alternator sound like?
There are times when a failing alternator can make a grinding noise, but it also leads to whining sounds as well. You can pinpoint a failing alternator if that’s where the sound is coming from.
Can a car run with a bad alternator?
After you learn how to test for a bad alternator, you might consider driving with the part failing. While it might last for a little bit, the car could stall at any time as it loses power. This would cause you to be stranded.
Can a bad alternator destroy a new battery?
Once you know how to test alternator output, you want to be sure it’s not producing too much voltage, which can quickly destroy your brand-new battery.
Can you fix an alternator without replacing it?
Once you know how to test if your alternator is bad, you might decide to repair it yourself. This is possible if you can find all of the parts and have the know-how, but it’s often easier to replace it.
How much does it cost to fix an alternator?
The average replacement alternator cost is between $130 and $250. If you replace it yourself, you don’t have to pay a mechanic’s labor fee, which could cause the bill to rise rapidly.
Should you test your alternator regularly?
You don’t need to know how to test an alternator at home unless you are running into trouble. You will want to know how to test an alternator when the car won’t start.
You no longer have to Google - "how to test my alternator." With our simple guide, you know how to test an alternator regulator when problems arise.